Hypertension or high blood pressure disease is a condition of increased blood pressure in chronic (long term) exceeds 140/90 mmHg. Hypertension is the main reason for adult patients (over 18 years) visiting the doctor, but of hypertensive patients who come for treatment, about 30% is not achieved the purpose of therapy is blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg. One reason is because non-adherence of patients on a long-term illness that is often without any complaints.
In most people with hypertension do not have any symptoms. But the symptoms of neck pain, headaches, using, tired, restless, bleeding, blurred vision so it can be a symptom of hypertension. To ensure the existence of hypertension should be measured with a blood pressure measuring devices, in resting conditions. Hypertension is important, because this disease is not particularly well controlled is a risk factor for stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, heart failure and other blood vessels rupture.
Important tips to remember
- Hypertension can not be determined with only one visit to the doctor.
- Headache or neck pain is not necessarily signify the blood pressure rises. Conversely, the absence of complaints does not necessarily mean blood pressure would have been normal.
- Hypertension is a chronic (long term), therefore, also requires long-term treatment.
- If you are taking anti-hypertension drugs for a while and checked blood pressure is back to normal, does not mean that the patient was cured of hypertension.
- Do not be afraid to take anti-hypertension drugs in the long term. Antihypertensive drugs if taken in the long run, does not cause damage to the kidneys or other organs. Conversely, hypertensive patients who do not control their blood pressure well (ie by taking anti-hypertension drug), at a period of time can damage kidneys or other organs. Traditional medicines, derived from the herbs (plants and tumbuhtumbuhan), supplements does not mean definitely safe to eat to lower blood pressure and is safe for the kidneys.
- Lifestyle (obese patients, frequently eat foods high in salt) is the cause of hypertension in a person.
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